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Effects of Rape on Victims

Rape is one of the most traumatic experiences one can experience. Its effects to the victims are not just for short term, but for a lifetime. For this reason, rape is also one of the most controversial offenses and has become one of the hottest topics in society, particularly for women.

But what exactly are the effects of rape on victims? Below is a list of the different effects of rape, warranting rape’s reputation as one of the most hated crimes today.

Physical Effects
The physical effects of rape are the easiest to detect, mainly because of physical evidence, such as injuries. These injuries are often the result of assault, forcible submission, and other forms of violence that involve rape. The most common physical effects include the following:

  • Anal or vaginal bleeding
  • Bruising
  • Difficulty in walking, standing, or sitting
  • Fracture
  • Sexually transmitted disease
  • Soreness, particularly in the reproductive area
  • Unwanted pregnancy
  • Urinary infection

Emotional Effects
Aside from the obvious physical effects, rape also has the capability to affect the emotional aspect of a victim. Unlike most physical effects, emotional effects can last up to a lifetime. They are mostly self-destructive. The most common emotional effects include the following:

  • Anger
  • Denial
  • Distrust of others
  • Embarrassment
  • Fear
  • Isolation
  • Sense of vulnerability
  • Self-blame
  • Self-pity

Psychological Effects
Like emotional effects, psychological effects of rape may last a long time, or even a lifetime. They can also delay the healing process of a victim or make things worse. Psychological effects include but are not limited to the following:

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Eating disorder
  • Flashbacks
  • Nightmares
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder
  • Sleeping disorder
  • Suicidal tendencies

These effects can be overwhelming not just for the victim, but also for the victim’s family, friends, and community. It is also important to note that rape is not just the only sex offense. According to the website of the sex offense attorneys at Horst Law, other sex offenses include solicitation of a minor, sexual battery, sexual exploitation of a minor, indecent exposure, and criminal sexual conduct. All of these also have the possibility to result into the effects stated above.