Car Crashes: A Source of PTSD in Children

You have probably heard about post traumatic stress disorder affecting veterans who have served in war, but did you realize that children can also suffer from PTSD? After a serious car crash, it’s quite common for the vehicle’s occupants to be shaken. However, adults are better equipped to deal with the aftermath of a collision than children. To a child’s perspective, screeching tires, followed by a loud crash can be scary. Afterwards, their torment can grow as emergency responders come rushing in to assist the victims, using loud sirens, flashing lights, with images of broken glass, and the unfamiliar smell of deployed airbags. It is a lot for children to take in, and sometimes the experience can be overwhelming, especially if they themselves or a loved one are hurt in the car accident. As a consequence, they can develop PTSD.

Symptoms of PTSD in Children

You should be familiar with the symptoms of PTSD in children so you can recognize early warning signs before they become unmanageable problems. PTSD is a mental response to a traumatic event, where their brains overreact to perceived threats that remind them of the accident. Depending on your child’s age and maturity, the symptoms of PTSD can vary greatly. However, young children tend to be affected the most.

You may notice young children expressing a greater fear of the dark, frequent nightmares, or even anxiousness at being left alone. Some children begin to wet the bed again. They may not want to get in the car when it is time to leave, and they may have more mood swings or outbursts of anger. Older children may start to struggle in school, exhibit signs of depression, or become more anxious in general. In some cases, the child may decide they do not want to drive when they reach the appropriate age, and act uncomfortable every time they are riding in a vehicle.

Treatment Options

If you suspect your child is suffering from PTSD, it is important that you seek help immediately. The sooner this condition is treated, the more likely they are to fully recover, and experts have developed incredibly effective treatment plans to help children overcome this disorder.

Regardless of their age, several different methods can be used to treat PTSD that range from discussing the accident with a therapist to taking medications. Young children may benefit from a treatment option called Play Therapy. A professional therapist who specializes in early child development will use games, drawings, and other fun things to help the child develop a new understanding of the accident. The goal is to guide the child towards better thoughts and help them cope with the negative experience.

Older children are much more likely to benefit from open discussions with a therapist who can help them deal with their anguish. Traumatic events, like a serious car collision, can evoke a natural response deep in the brain, and children tend to have quicker results when they hear a trusted third-party explain the situation.

Trees as an important investment

It’s finally fall, the season for cozy sweaters and pumpkin spice lattes. Autumn is also synonymous with the changing color of the trees, and people often travel to witness the magnificent color changes, generating billions in economic activity for fall tourism. During this time, it is important that you are taking care of your trees. Trees are often taken for granted and neglected since they often live for so long and seem to regenerate themselves quickly. However, you may not even realize that your trees could be in danger.

Fall is the time to water your trees before winter sets in, according to arborists. Arborist Brian Bannavong explains that younger trees need more water than older trees so that they don’t die in the winter. Since it was such a dry summer in many areas, homeowners will need to water their trees before the cold sets in. Effectively, water helps create a type of antifreeze in trees that protects them during the wintertime by helping trees heal themselves.

Forester Gabbi Edwards explains that the dry summer may affect the colors of the trees this year: “Dry weather and drought will often cause trees to lose their leaves before color starts to show. The fall foliage colors will display for a shorter time, instead of peak viewing time lasting three weeks some places might only display colors for one week. The fall foliage colors will also be less brilliant than normal with colors appearing muted and dull.”

To help the trees survive the winter, apply a layer of mulch around the base of the tree, leave a gap between the mulch, and the tree trunk and use wood chips or fallen leaves to mulch.

Fungi and other threats, such as oak wilt, the emerald ash borer, and invasive plants, are also dangerous hazards for young trees because they can be a sign of disease or decay. If a tree rots, it could be at risk during an ice storm or other cold weather.

Homeowners also need to consider the health of the tree before pruning tree branches back. Arborist Joe Cochran recommends pruning trees in late winter or early spring so that they have “time to heal over the wound you’re going to create.”

Furthermore, taking trees for granted or neglecting them can be an expensive proposition. Think about how much money homeowners spend on grass, which can be replaced in a matter of weeks. Trees, on the other hand, are quite a bit older than most grass. Just because a tree is old doesn’t mean it doesn’t need care, especially urban trees and younger trees. As the arborists at Hamlin Tree Care explain, trees are an important investment because a poorly maintained landscape can lessen your property or business value.

Arborist Andrew Gollnick explains that younger trees are often overlooked, and it’s important to maintain fast-growing trees such as willows, maples and hybrid elms. In contrast, evergreens and oaks require less maintenance. However, all trees need to be pruned every three to five years, according to Gollnick, which helps beautify the tree and make it more wind-resistant. Furthermore, pruning can help optimize a tree’s shape.

Overall, it is important to care for trees in the fall so that they are able to live a full, healthy life.

Types of Personal Injury

Personal injury is a legal term for an injury to the body, mind or emotions. A personal injury case is usually filed by the victim, or the family of the injured in case of wrongful death, who has suffered harm to his or her body or mind. This legal action is filed against the person or party, whose negligence, gross negligence, reckless conduct, or intentional misconduct, has caused the harm. Though jurisdictions differ as to what an injured victim may be compensated for, damages usually include medical bills, lost wages, pain and suffering, and diminished quality of life.

Causes of personal injury include road traffic accidents, work accidents, slip and fall accidents, assault, product defect (product liability), premises liability, medical and dental accidents, industrial or construction site accidents, and animal attack, including dog bites.

Of these, the most common are motor vehicle accidents, which claim more than 30,000 every year and which cause injuries to more than two million individuals. According to the law firm Karlin, Fleisher & Falkenberg, LLC, the consequences of a serious car accident can quickly become overwhelming. On top of all the work that will be necessary for you to recover from the trauma of the accident, you will probably be saddled with a significant amount of debt once everything is said and done.

One surprising cause of personal injury, though, is dog bites. As explained by the law firm Ravid & Associates, P.C., dogs are one of the most popular pets in the United States, with tens of millions of households owning at least one dog. Most dog owners are highly responsible and ensure that their pet is never allowed to put others in harm’s way. Unfortunately, in some circumstances, reckless or careless dog owners fail to properly train or restrain their pets, resulting in serious injuries caused by dog bites and attacks.

While some dog attacks may cause only minor injuries, it is not uncommon for dog bites and other aggressive actions to result in serious injuries, particularly in cases involving attacks on children. In the worst instances, dog attacks may even result in death.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), approximately 4.5 million dog bites occur each year in the United States. Almost 1 out of 5 bites becomes infected. While it is true that dogs can be our closest companions – this is why they often live in our homes and, based on studies, it has been proven that they increase our exercise levels, decrease stress, and are frequent playmates for children, it is also true that, sometimes, they bite. In addition to causing pain, injury, or nerve damage, dog bites can become infected, placing the bite victim at risk for illness or even death.

 

 

Common Causes of Unexplained Weight Loss

Unexplained weight loss may have many causes, but they all boil down to the same thing – it shows a general decline in your overall health. According to the website of GastroCare LI, the many causes of unexplained weight loss may be medical, non-medical, or a combination of the two.

Medical Causes

Weight loss may be a sign of certain medical conditions. These medical conditions can be physical or mental, but mostly the physical conditions are the ones who contribute more to unexplained weight loss. Some of the most common bodily conditions that may cause such weight loss include:

  • AIDS and how it can weaken the immune system
  • Cancers, especially those that involve the lungs, liver, stomach, and esophagus
  • Celiac disease and other intestinal problems that may affect nutrition
  • Depression and its effects on eating and sleeping patterns and physical activity interest
  • Sleep apnea and other sleeping disorders that can result into daytime fatigue
  • Tuberculosis and other lung complications

Non-Medical Causes

The non-medical causes of unexplained weight loss are generally about lifestyle. For example, a person who burns more calories than the amount he or she takes in may experience weight loss, and this weight loss may be unexplained because he or she doesn’t track calorie intake and outtake. This can happen because of the following:

  • The person eats too little
  • The person burns calories too much
  • The person both eats too little and burns calories too much

Lifestyle weight loss is not just about excessive physical activity, because there are also instances where it is entirely the opposite. For example, a person who stays up at night just to surf the internet or play video games may have insufficient rest for the next day. This may result into disinterest to eating and doing physical activity. Either can result into loss of body fluids, fat, and muscle mass.

Effects of Rape on Victims

Rape is one of the most traumatic experiences one can experience. Its effects to the victims are not just for short term, but for a lifetime. For this reason, rape is also one of the most controversial offenses and has become one of the hottest topics in society, particularly for women.

But what exactly are the effects of rape on victims? Below is a list of the different effects of rape, warranting rape’s reputation as one of the most hated crimes today.

Physical Effects
The physical effects of rape are the easiest to detect, mainly because of physical evidence, such as injuries. These injuries are often the result of assault, forcible submission, and other forms of violence that involve rape. The most common physical effects include the following:

  • Anal or vaginal bleeding
  • Bruising
  • Difficulty in walking, standing, or sitting
  • Fracture
  • Sexually transmitted disease
  • Soreness, particularly in the reproductive area
  • Unwanted pregnancy
  • Urinary infection

Emotional Effects
Aside from the obvious physical effects, rape also has the capability to affect the emotional aspect of a victim. Unlike most physical effects, emotional effects can last up to a lifetime. They are mostly self-destructive. The most common emotional effects include the following:

  • Anger
  • Denial
  • Distrust of others
  • Embarrassment
  • Fear
  • Isolation
  • Sense of vulnerability
  • Self-blame
  • Self-pity

Psychological Effects
Like emotional effects, psychological effects of rape may last a long time, or even a lifetime. They can also delay the healing process of a victim or make things worse. Psychological effects include but are not limited to the following:

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Eating disorder
  • Flashbacks
  • Nightmares
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder
  • Sleeping disorder
  • Suicidal tendencies

These effects can be overwhelming not just for the victim, but also for the victim’s family, friends, and community. It is also important to note that rape is not just the only sex offense. According to the website of the sex offense attorneys at Horst Law, other sex offenses include solicitation of a minor, sexual battery, sexual exploitation of a minor, indecent exposure, and criminal sexual conduct. All of these also have the possibility to result into the effects stated above.

« Older Entries